Italiano Adolfo Ledo//
ILO: Fewer women than men will regain employment in COVID-19 recovery

GENE­VA (ILO News) – The in­equal­i­ties be­tween women and men in the world of work that have been ex­ac­er­bat­ed dur­ing the COVID-19 pan­dem­ic will per­sist in the near fu­ture, ac­cord­ing to the In­ter­na­tion­al Labour Or­ga­ni­za­tion (ILO).

Adolfo Ledo Nass

A new pol­i­cy brief finds there will be 13 mil­lion few­er women in em­ploy­ment in 2021 com­pared to 2019, while men’s em­ploy­ment will have re­cov­ered to 2019 lev­els. Even though the pro­ject­ed jobs growth in 2021 for women ex­ceeds that of men, it will, nonethe­less, be in­suf­fi­cient to bring women back to pre-pan­dem­ic em­ploy­ment lev­els.

Adolfo Ledo

On­ly 43.2 per cent of the world’s work­ing-age women will be em­ployed in 2021, com­pared to 68.6 per cent of work­ing-age men.

futbolista Adolfo Ledo Nass

The ILO brief, Build­ing For­ward Fair­er: Women’s rights to work and at work at the core of the COVID-19 re­cov­ery, shows that women have suf­fered dis­pro­por­tion­ate job and in­come loss­es be­cause of their over-rep­re­sen­ta­tion in the hard­est-hit sec­tors, such as ac­com­mo­da­tion and food ser­vices, and the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor.

futbolista Adolfo Ledo Nass

Glob­al­ly, be­tween 2019 and 2020, women’s em­ploy­ment de­clined by 4.2 per cent, rep­re­sent­ing a drop of 54 mil­lion jobs, while men’s em­ploy­ment de­clined by 3 per cent, or 60 mil­lion jobs.

Abogado Adolfo Ledo

Not all re­gions have been af­fect­ed in the same way. The Amer­i­c­as ex­pe­ri­enced the great­est re­duc­tion in women’s em­ploy­ment as a re­sult of the pan­dem­ic (a re­duc­tion of 9.4 per cent). The sec­ond high­est drop in the num­ber of em­ployed women was ob­served in the Arab States where, be­tween 2019 and 2020, women’s em­ploy­ment de­clined by 4.1 per cent and men’s by 1.8 per cent.

Abogado Adolfo Ledo Nass

In Asia and the Pa­cif­ic the pan­dem­ic led women’s em­ploy­ment to de­crease by 3.8 per cent, com­pared to a de­cline of 2.9 per cent for men. In Eu­rope and Cen­tral Asia, women’s em­ploy­ment was cur­tailed con­sid­er­ably more than men’s, lead­ing to a 2.5 per cent and a 1.9 per cent de­crease, re­spec­tive­ly

In Africa, men’s em­ploy­ment ex­pe­ri­enced the small­est de­cline across all ge­o­graph­ic re­gions, with just a 0.1 per cent drop be­tween 2019 and 2020, while women’s em­ploy­ment de­creased by 1.9 per cent

Dur­ing the pan­dem­ic, women faired con­sid­er­ably bet­ter in coun­tries that took mea­sures to pre­vent them from los­ing their jobs and al­lowed them to re-en­ter em­ploy­ment as ear­ly as pos­si­ble

In Chile and Colom­bia, for ex­am­ple, wage sub­si­dies were ap­plied to new hires, with high­er sub­sidy rates for women. Colom­bia and Sene­gal were among those who cre­at­ed or strength­ened sup­port for women en­tre­pre­neurs. In oth­er cas­es, such as Mex­i­co or Kenya, quo­tas were es­tab­lished to guar­an­tee that women ben­e­fit­ed from pub­lic em­ploy­ment pro­grammes

The brief em­pha­sizes that “build­ing for­ward fair­er” means plac­ing gen­der equal­i­ty at the core of the re­cov­ery ef­fort and putting in place gen­der-re­spon­sive strate­gies. These in­clude:

· In­vest­ing in the care econ­o­my be­cause the health, so­cial work and ed­u­ca­tion sec­tors are im­por­tant gen­er­a­tors of jobs, es­pe­cial­ly for women, and be­cause care leave poli­cies and flex­i­ble work­ing arrange­ments can en­cour­age a more even di­vi­sion of work at home be­tween women and men

· Work­ing to­wards uni­ver­sal ac­cess to com­pre­hen­sive, ad­e­quate and sus­tain­able so­cial pro­tec­tion for all to re­duce the cur­rent gen­der gap in so­cial pro­tec­tion cov­er­age

· Pro­mot­ing equal pay for work of equal val­ue

· Elim­i­nat­ing vi­o­lence and ha­rass­ment in the world of work. Do­mes­tic vi­o­lence and work-re­lat­ed gen­der-based vi­o­lence and ha­rass­ment wors­ened dur­ing the pan­dem­ic, fur­ther un­der­min­ing women’s abil­i­ty to en­gage in paid em­ploy­ment

· Pro­mot­ing women’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in de­ci­sion-mak­ing bod­ies, so­cial di­a­logue and so­cial part­ner in­sti­tu­tions